Dhanbad is the second-most populated city in the Indian state of Jharkhand after Jamshedpur. It ranks as the 42nd largest city in India and is the 34th largest million-plus urban agglomeration in India. It is the 96th fastest growing city of the world by the City Mayors Foundation. Dhanbad shares its land borders with Paschim Bardhaman district, West Bengal.
The city is called the ‘Coal Capital of India’ for housing one of the largest coal mines of India. The prestigious institute, Indian School of Mines (now IIT Dhanbad) is situated in Dhanbad. Apart from coal, it has also grown in information technology,
Dhanbad is the 56th cleanest city of India, according to the 2019 Swachh Survekshan cleanliness survey. It showed a great change in the city which was considered the dirtiest city in the 2018 Swachh Survekshan. Dhanbad Municipal Corporation works for increasing green cover in the city. Among the rail divisions of Indian Railway, Dhanbad Rail Division is the second-largest in revenue generation after the Mumbai division. Dhanbad ranked as the top city in India with the highest 4G mobile phone network availability in India by a survey of Opensignal.
The present district used to be a part of Manbhum region and was occupied by Mundari tribals in the wilderness of South undivided Bihar. In the seventh century A.D. some information is available from the account of the travels of Hieun Tsang. These accounts narrate the existence of a powerful kingdom which comprised the district and adjoining areas, ruled by Sasanka. Manbhum was one of the districts of the East India during the British Raj.
The region has thick forests, with rich mineral resources, and had a mixed demographic profile with people from different religious and social groups, including adivasis, particularly the Santals and the Mundas before the city was established. After the Partition of India, the district became a part of Bihar state, and upon re-organization of the Indian states in the mid-1950s, the district became a part of the West Bengal. Purulia district was carved out of the district of Manbhum.
In the Settlement Report for Manbhum (1928) it was stated that no rock inscriptions, copper plates or old coins were discovered and not a single document of copper plate or palm leaf was found, during the Survey and Settlement operations. The oldest authentic documents produced were all on paper and barely even a hundred years old.
Dhanbad has an average elevation of 227 m (745 ft). Its geographical length (extending from north to south) is 15 miles (24 km) and the breadth (stretching across east to West) is 10 miles (16 km). It shares its boundaries with West Bengal in the eastern and southern part, Dumka and Giridih in the North and Bokaro District in the west. Dhanbad comes under the Chota Nagpur Plateau.
Rivers and Lakes
The Damodar is a major river of the Chota Nagpur Plateau. It rises in Palamu and flows eastward between the plateaus of Ranchi and Hazaribag. It is joined by the Bokaro, the Konar and the Barakar rivers. The Damodar enters Dhanbad district at its confluence with the Jamuria, a stream which marks the western boundary of Dhanbad with Hazaribagh District. Further east, the Damodar is joined by the Katri River which rises in the foothills below Parasnath and traverses through the coal-field area. The Barakar, which forms the northern boundary of the district, traverses about 77 km. It flows in south westerly direction up to Durgapur and then south till it joins the Damodar near Chirkunda.
Dhanbad has one of the oldest and largest markets in the region and is also a centre of large scale industries. It is known for its coal mines and industrial establishments; the city is surrounded by about 112 coal mines with a total production of 27.5 million tonnes and an annual income of 7,000 million rupees through coal business. There are a number of coal washeries there.
Bharat Coking Coal (BCCL) has its headquarter in Dhanbad and Steel Authority of India (SAIL), Tata Steel and Eastern Coalfields (at Mugma) also operates their mines. Om Besco Rail Products.Ltd, a public limited rail wagon manufacturing company at Mugma, Hindustan Zinc Ltd (now Vedanta Resources) had a lead smelting pilot plant at Tundu, Maithon Power Ltda J.V of Tata Power and Damodar Valley Corporation (DVC) (first PPP project of India), Hindusthan Malleables & Forgings Ltd. are operational around Dhanbad.
Fertilizer Corporation of India Ltd. (closed) now restarting at Sindri, Projects and Development India Limited and ACC. Ltd at Sindri are also available and being one of the 5 divisions of South Eastern Railway zone, Indian Railways is also a big employer in Dhanbad. Kandra Industrial Area at Gobindpur houses some small and middle scale industries.
Dhanbad district was constituted in 1956 by carving out the old Dhanbad subdivision, Chas and Chandankiyari police stations of the Sadar subdivision of the erstwhile Manbhum district. Dhanbad is Police district since 1928. The re-organisation of the districts in the State of Bihar which took place after 1971 did not affect the district of Dhanbad. In 1991 a part of Dhanbad district was sliced away to form Bokaro district.
The district can be divided into three broad natural divisions, viz., (I) the north and north western portions consisting of the hilly region, (ii) the uplands containing coal mines and most of the industries and (iii) the remaining uplands and plains lying to the south of the Damodar river consisting of cultivable flat lands . The north and north western division is separated for the entire length by the Grand trunk road.
In the western middle part of the district are the Dhangi hills, situated in the strip falling between the Grand trunk road in the north and the Grand chord line of the Eastern Rly. In the south, these hills extend from Pradhankhanta to Govindpur, reaching a maximum altitude of 1,256 feet at Dhangi. Further north, a branch of the Parasnath hill runs through Topchanchi and Tundi, the highest point of 1,500 feet being reached at Lalki. The southern part of the district is largely comprised of undulating land. The general slope is from west to east, the direction followed by the two major rivers, Damodar and Barakar.
An official Census 2011 detail of Dhanbad, a district of Jharkhand has been released by Directorate of Census Operations in Jharkhand. Enumeration of key persons was also done by census officials in Dhanbad District of Jharkhand.
In 2011, Dhanbad had population of 2,684,487 of which male and female were 1,405,956 and 1,278,531 respectively. In 2001 census, Dhanbad had a population of 2,397,102 of which males were 1,278,946 and remaining 1,118,156 were females. Dhanbad District population constituted 8.14 percent of total Maharashtra population. In 2001 census, this figure for Dhanbad District was at 8.90 percent of Maharashtra population.
There was change of 11.99 percent in the population compared to population as per 2001. In the previous census of India 2001, Dhanbad District recorded increase of 22.95 percent to its population compared to 1991.
|Population||26.84 Lakhs||23.97 Lakhs|
Dhanbad has a very good rail connectivity with the other major parts of the country such as Delhi, Mumbai, Patna, Kolkata, Bhagalpur, Munger, Gaya, Chennai, Ahmedabad, Hyderabad, Kochi, Indore, Bhopal, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Jaipur, Visakhapatnam Jodhpur, Nagpur, Pune, Varanasi, Guwahati and Bangalore etc. Dhanbad railway division is the second largest revenue generator in India after Mumbai Rail Division.
Dhanbad buses connect this picturesque city with the rest of the country. So, you can avail the services of these buses and reach your preferred destinations quite easily. While booking an online bus, make sure that you check the popular boarding and dropping off points in Dhanbad on MakeMyTrip.
This city is connected through a number of bus routes to the rest of the country. No matter what your location is, you can always head towards the online website of the MakeMyTrip and find out the routes that best suit your needs. Once you choose your preferred route, booking the online tickets will hardly take any time. MakeMyTrip also gives the option of filtering your search by boarding and dropping points.
Dhanbad Airport is used for private small aircraft and helicopters, currently there is no public air-link at the airport. The nearest public airports to Dhanbad are
Kazi Nazrul Islam Airport, Asansol-Durgapur 85 kilometres (53 mi)
Birsa Munda Airport, Ranchi 140 kilometres (87 mi)
Gaya Airport 207 kilometres (129 mi)
Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport, Kolkata 269 kilometres (167 mi)
Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Airport, Patna 271 kilometres (168 mi)
Big Bazaar Dhanbad offers an energetic, vibrant, and achievement-oriented environment. Big Bazaar is one of the oldest hypermarket chains that houses around 250+ stores in the country. BB was founded by Kishore Biyani. It covers three essential categories in Indian retail that is home, food, and fashion. The supermarket has attained a leadership position in the retail space by promoting an environment of collaboration and meritocracy environment. They fulfil every need of your family. They believe that they give their best when their consumers are satisfied with all aspects of their lives.
City Square is a spacious shopping mall located in Dhanbad. It provides a different and exciting mix of the shopping experience, entertainment and dining under one roof. The mall is always proud to extend a wide variety of retailers for its buyers. The mall is a peaceful and prominent place for you to have your meals and relax. They aim to give their excellent service to their clients. City Square offers ample parking areas.
INOX is one of the best places to watch a movie in Dhanbad. It has a big hall with a 3D sound system and 7-star cinema viewing experience that makes an excellent experience for its visitors. There are four numbers of the screen in this multiplex cinema. Inside the hall also provide fast food items, snacks, and soft drinks at an affordable price. You can order the food from mobile by simply scanning the barcode. Ground floor vehicles parking is convenient for both cars and bikes. Online ticket booking and phone booking facilities are always available. INOX also serves 121 multiplexes and 485 screens in 59 cities.
Birsa Munda Park is one of the most attractive picnic spots in Dhanbad. It is 5.6 km from Dhanbad Railway Station and 5 Km away from Bus Stand Dhanbad. The park has a walkway, play area, leisure area, toy train, various rides for children, plants of various species spread over 21 acres of land. The park is an engaging and active place for all ages. Birsa Munda Park provides outdoor fitness equipment and kids playing fields.
Asarfi Hospital is one of the leading multispecialty hospitals in Dhanbad. They are treating people for more than ten years. The hospital has two hundred bed facilities with advanced medical care and emergency services. They provide world-class health care and trustworthy treatment to the patients. The hospital has extraordinary doctors, and they are highly qualified and experienced in their profession. They have all advanced and modern technologies that assist you in recovering as soon. They have a world-class Cardiac unit equipped with Phillips FD10 flat-panel CATH LAB with Stent Boost. They are carrying an average of 600 dialyses is carried out every month with zero cross-infection rate. Asarfi Hospital has an excellent education centre, yoga, exercise, health resort, and health information centre.