Greater Noida is a planned city located in Gautam Buddha Nagar district of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.The city was created as an extension to Noida area under the UP Industrial Area Development Act, 1976.Situated 30 km (19 mi) south-east of the capital city of New Delhi, it takes around 30 minutes to travel between the cities via the Noida-Greater Noida Expressway. The city is administered by Greater Noida Industrial Development Authority (GNIDA).
In the early 1980s, the Government of India realised that the rapid rate at which Delhi was expanding would result in chaos. Hence, they planned to develop residential and industrial areas around the capital to reduce the demographic burden. Before Greater Noida City, two areas had been developed—Gurgaon, across the border from Haryana, and Noida, across the border with Uttar Pradesh.
Bisrakh, Uttar Pradesh; the birthplace of Demon king Ravana
Greater Noida Notified Area – 38000 Ha (380 km2) comprising 124 villages. Noida’s infrastructure was carefully laid out, but the 1990s saw huge growth in the Indian economy. Migration to cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Hyderabad and Bangalore exceeded planning estimates. Noida was developed to accommodate population growth for 20–25 years. The massive population influx from Delhi, however, caused it to overload in a mere 15 years, although intake is not complete and illegal mining remains a problem.
Shaheed Bismil Park, Sector-Beta 1 in Greater Noida City
The government of Uttar Pradesh decided to develop another city as an extension to Noida with better planning. The idea was to create a world-class town approximately 25 km from Noida. A railway station near Boraki and an international airport were included later in the plan intending to develop Greater Noida as an independent city.
During the 1990s, the Noida extension (now a part of Gautam Buddh Nagar) became what is today known as Greater Noida. The Greater NOIDA Authority manages the development of the city. Greater Noida is connected to Agra by the six-lane Yamuna Expressway. The annual Indian Grand Prix is held at the Buddh International Circuit. Roads are wide with service lanes for every major road. The sectors are named by letters of the Greek alphabet. All cabling and utilities have been built underground. Alpha, Beta, and Gamma are the oldest sectors. The other emerging sectors include Xi, Delta, Mu, Omicron and Tau. The present GNIDA office is in Gamma II sector just opposite the historical village Rampur Jagir/Jahangir where the revolutionary Pandit Ram Prasad Bismil lived in 1919 when he was hidden underground after the Mainpuri conspiracy. A park has been named “Amar Shaheed Pt. Ram Prasad Bismil Udyan” by the Uttar Pradesh Government.
The 12th, 13th, 14th and 15th Auto Expos (The Motor Show) were held at India Expo Mart, Greater Noida, in February 2014, 2016 and 2018, 2020 respectively. In 2018, Gamma 2 was officially declared as the capital of Greater Noida.
Greater Noida (West)
Greater Noida West, previously known as Noida extension, is a part of Greater Noida and consists of 16 villages: Khairpur Gurjar, Shahberi, Devla, Patwari, Ghanghola, Bisrakh, Roza-Yakubpur, Haibatpur, Itaida, Patwari, Aminabad, Asadallapur, Maincha and Chipyana Buzurg.All sectors under Noida Extension (Sector 1 to 4) are a part of the Greater Noida Authority and share a separate pin code 201318.
As of late 2012, plans were being formed to rename it to Greater Noida (West). Planners intended the area to provide NCR region housing.
As per the provisional data of the 2011 census, Greater Noida had a population of 107,676, with 58,662 males and 49,014 females. The literacy rate was 86.54%, 91.48% of males and 80.65% of females.
The city’s infrastructure is looked after by the Greater Noida Industrial Development Authority, a statutory authority set-up under Uttar Pradesh Industrial Area Development Act, 1976.Authority’s head is its chairman, who is an IAS officer, the authority’s daily matters however, are looked after by its CEO, who is also an IAS officer. Greater NOIDA Authority comes under the Infrastructure and Industrial Development Department of Uttar Pradesh Government. As of September 2019, the Chairman is Alok Tandon, whereas the CEO is Narendra Bhooshan.
The Guatam Budh Nagar district is a part of Meerut division, headed by the Divisional Commissioner, who is an IAS officer of high seniority, the Commissioner is the head of local government institutions (including Municipal Corporations) in the division, is in-charge of infrastructure development in his division, and is also responsible for maintaining law and order in the division. The District Magistrate, hence, reports to the Divisional Commissioner of Meerut. The current Commissioner is Anita Meshram.
Gautam Budh Nagar district administration is headed by the District Magistrate of Gautam Budh Nagar, who is an IAS officer. The DM is in charge of property records and revenue collection for the central government and oversee the national elections held in the city. The DM is also responsible for maintaining law and order in the city, hence the SSP of Gautam Budh Nagar also reports to the DM of Gautam Budh Nagar.The District Magistrate is assisted by one Chief Development Officer, three Additional District Magistrates (Executive, Finance/Revenue and Land Acquisition) and one City Magistrate. The district has divided into three Tehsils named Sadar, Dadri and Jewar each headed by a Sub-Divisional Magistrate who reports to the District Magistrate. The current DM is Mr Suhas Lalinakere Yathiraj (IAS).
Gautam Budh Nagar district comes under Meerut police zone and Meerut police range of Uttar Pradesh Police. Meerut zone is headed by an IPS officer in the rank of Additional director general of police (ADG), whereas Meerut range is headed by an IPS officer in the rank of Inspector General of Police (IG). The Current ADG, Meerut Zone is Prashant Kumar,whereas the current IG, Meerut Range is Ram Kumar.
Police Administration of Gautam Budh Nagar is headed by the Senior Superintendent of Police (SSP) who is an officer and is accountable to the District Magistrate for Law and Order enforcement. He is assisted by four Superintendents of Police (SP)/Additional Superintendents of Police (Addl. SP) (City, Rural Area, Traffic and Crime). The district is divided into eight police circles, each responsibility of a Circle Officer (CO) in the rank of Deputy Superintendent of Police. One Circle Officer assists SP (Traffic) and SP (Crime) in the rank of Deputy Superintendent of Police each. Greater Noida city is divided into three police circles viz. City-I, City-II and City-III, each looked after by a CO in the rank of Deputy Superintendent of Police. Superintendent of Police (Rural Area) is the SP in-charge of Greater Noida and its circles.The current SSP is Mr. Vaibhav Krishan, whereas current SP (RA) is Mr. Vineet Jaiswal.
Greater Noida has a similar climate to Delhi: very hot and dry during summer, hot and humid during monsoons, pleasant and dry during spring and autumn, and cool to cold during winters.
According to the Bureau of Indian Standards, the town falls under seismic zone-III, on a scale of I to V (in order of increasing proneness to earthquakes). At the same time, the wind and cyclone zoning is a “very high damage risk”, according to the UNDP report. Greater Noida has a Tropical Savanna Climate with three main seasons: summer, monsoon and winter. Aside from monsoon weather, it mainly remains dry.
In summer, i.e. from March to June, the temperature ranges from a maximum of 45 °C (i.e. 113 °F) to a minimum of 23 °C (73 °F). Monsoon season prevails during mid-June to mid-September with an average rainfall of 93.2 cm (36.7 inches). The cold waves from the Himalayan region make the winters in Greater Noida very chilly. Temperatures fall to as low as 3 to 4 °C at the peak of winter. In January, a dense fog envelopes the city, reducing visibility on the streets.
- Fr. Agnel School
- Delhi Public School, Greater Noida
- Greater Valley School, Greater Noida
- Ryan International School
- Somerville School, Greater Noida
- St. Joseph’s School, Greater Noida
- Amity University Greater Noida campus
- Bennett University
- Galgotias University
- Gautam Buddha University
- Noida International University
- Sharda University
- Shiv Nadar University
Colleges and institutes
- Accurate Institute of Management and Technology
- Army Institute of Management and Technology, Greater Noida
- Galgotias College of Engineering and Technology
- GL Bajaj Institute of Technology and Management
- Gautam Buddha University
- ITS Dental College
- Lloyd Law College
- Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya Institute of Archaeology
Located on Yamuna Expressway, Jaypee Sports City is a planned city aimed for sports, complete with various sports venues like an international standard cricket stadium, a hockey stadium, and an international Formula 1 racing circuit.
On 30 October 2011, Greater Noida hosted the inaugural Formula One Indian Grand Prix at the Buddh International Circuit constructed by Jaypee Group. It was the seventeenth round of the 2011 Formula One season, and the first Formula One Grand Prix to take place on the Indian subcontinent and even the circuit is the first of its kind in South Asia. The second and third Formula One Indian Grands Prix were held in October 2012 and 2013, and Red Bull won.
Greater Noida Cricket Stadium, also known as “Shaheed Vijay Singh Pathik Stadium,” is located near Jaypee Green Golf Course. The stadium hosted its first Ranji Trophy match between Uttar Pradesh and Baroda from 1–4 December 2015.The ground would now be used by the national cricket team of Afghanistan as its home ground.
National badminton coach Pullela Gopichand has opened a badminton academy in Greater Noida Stadium.
Jaypee Greens Golf Course, an 18-hole, par-72 course designed by Greg Norman, is situated in Greater Noida. The course opened in June 2000 and received a “Tourism Friendly Golf Course” award from India’s Ministry of Tourism in 2011. It is the longest course in India.
There will also be a hockey stadium which is under construction and has a sports training academy and infrastructure for other sports.
The Time Trial cycling event for the 2010 Commonwealth Games was held at Noida–Greater Noida Expressway. Greater Noida Sports Complex Ground is also the Home Ground of Afghanistan Cricket Team.
Of late, Greater Noida has attracted a lot of interest from major corporate houses for setting up their businesses in the city. In November 2016, Patanjali Ayurved announced that it would be investing Rs. 20 billion in a greenfield investment in Greater Noida. The project has been approved by Uttar Pradesh Cabinet.A clutch of mobile manufacturers have also shown interest in investing in Greater Noida.Taiwan Electrical and Electronics Manufacturers’ Association will develop a 210-acre greenfield electronic manufacturing cluster in Greater Noida with an investment of US$200 million. India’s auto industry is postponing the Auto Expo – The Motor Show 2022 in view of the Covid-19 pandemic and the uncertainty ahead, auto industry body Society of Indian Automobile Manufacturers (Siam) said in a statement. Scheduled to be held from 2nd – 9th February 2022 at India Expo Mart in Greater Noida, the show is being postponed keeping in mind the safety of exhibitors, visitors, and all stakeholders involved.
The Noida Metro Rail Corporation (NMRC) launched metro connectivity in Greater Noida on 25 January 2019. This project was announced in 2013.The metro runs primarily across the Noida-Greater Noida Expressway.
All Localities in Greater Noida
- Sector GAMMA I
- Sector GAMMA II
- Knowledge Park-1
- Knowledge Park-2
- Knowledge Park-3
- Knowledge Park-5
- Sector BETA I
- AWHO III
- Sector DELTA I
- Sector MU
- OMICRON I
- Sector PHI I
- Sector PHI II
- Sector PHI IV
- Sector ETA I
- SIGMA III
- SIGMA IV
- SIGMA I
- Swaran Nagari
- Yamuna Expressway
- Sector OMEGA I
- Sector CHI V
- Sector XU III
- Pari Chowk
- Sector ETA II
- Sector CHI III
- Sector XU I
- Sector XU II
- Sector Alpha II
- Sector Alpha I
- Sector PI I & II
- Sector PHI III
- Noida Extension
- Sector 10
- Sector 12
- Tech Zone
- Sector OMEGA II
- SIGMA II
- Sector CHI II
- Sector CHI IV
- Tech Zone IV
- Sector-12 A
- Sector BETA II
- Sector DELTA II
- Sector DELTA III
- Sector ZETA I
- Sector ZETA II
- Theta II
- OMICRON III
- Sector MU I
- Sector MU II
- Sector RHO I
- Sector RHO II
- OMICRON II
- OMICRON I A
- ECOTECH II
- ECOTECH III
- Knowledge Park-4
- Jaypee Greens
- Dhoom Manikpur
- NH 91
- NH-91 Dadri
- Tilpata Karanwas
- Chamrawali Bodaki
- Greater Noida Extention West
- Knowledge Park
- Sector Ecotech 1
- Ecotech 12